The next set of freestyle swimming drills will teach you balance. Balance is a fundamental swimming skill to have because it allows you be relaxed and perfectly horizontal in the water while swimming freestyle (or backstroke).

The drill on this particular page will teach you balance in a supine position (on your back). Teaching balance on the back first minimizes breathing issues. Subsequent drills will teach you balance while floating on your chest and on your sides.

The Secret of Effortless Balance

Our legs are among the most dense parts of our body, which on dry land helps us to stay erect. But in the water, the density of our legs can be a problem because they have the tendency to sink, disrupting balance and increasing drag.

As a consequence we need to find a way to compensate for the tendency of our legs to sink. Beginners often do so by kicking hard but then quickly get out of breath because their leg muscles consume lots of oxygen. But there is a more effective way to keep one’s legs up.

The smart way to maintain balance requires us to learn how to take advantage of our natural buoy. Our buoy is in fact located in our chest and formed by our lungs filled with air. This area is the most buoyant of our body and we can leverage it to keep our hips and legs afloat.

To do so we use our body as a lever with the fulcrum located in our lungs. We press our head and upper back downward while lying flat in the water. As our lungs are buoyant, our hips and legs will have the tendency to rise up. This almost requires no effort. Nice, isn’t it?

Advantages of Being Balanced

The advantages of being balanced while swimming freestyle are the following:

  • Your body creates less drag because it is horizontal and moves through a smaller cylinder of water.
  • You don’t need to kick hard to keep your legs up, which saves oxygen and energy.

As a consequence your swimming technique is more efficient and you can swim longer and faster for the same effort.

Freestyle Swimming Drill Video

How To Do The Drill

  • Lie flat in the water on your back.
  • Slightly contract your abs to keep a straight back throughout the exercise.
  • Keep your head in line with the trunk and slightly tuck in your chin.
  • Keep the arms relaxed and extended at your sides.
  • Start to kick with a gentle flutter kick.
  • If you notice that your hips and legs drop, increase the downward pressure on your shoulder blades and on the back of your head. This should make your hips and legs rise. Don’t compensate for your sinking legs by kicking harder!

Additional Tips

  • You can use swim fins in the beginning if your kick isn’t propulsive enough. You can always get rid of them later on once you have learned balance and your kicking technique has improved.
  • You can use a nose clip to avoid getting water into your nose.
  • Even though this drill is done on the back and the face is normally emerged, swimming goggles can nevertheless keep water out of your eyes.
  • A friend can be of great help if it is difficult for you to attain a horizontal position in the water. He/she can analyze your posture and tell you about the mistakes you might be doing.

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