Over Switch is the last swimming drill in our series for the front crawl / freestyle stroke. It lets you practice an early hand entry during the arm recovery.
This is to avoid the common tendency of overreaching during the recovery which for several reasons increases drag and can also lead to swimmer’s shoulder.
The video below demonstrates the Over Switch drill:
- Start to flutter kick in Hand-Lead Side Balance.
- Rotate your head down to get into Hand-Lead Nose Down.
- Start the recovery forward with your top arm, leading with the elbow, as you practiced in Zipper Switch. Your recovering hand should hover closely above the water surface.
- As your hand passes your head, swipe your thumb (or the inner side of your hand) across the side of your head at the temple.
- Enter the water in front of your head right after the swipe and extend your arm forward under water until it is fully extended.
- Just as your recovering arm enters the water, your other arm becomes active and starts to sweep backward in the water.
- Roll your body on the side of your recovering arm as it extends forward. Also, roll your head up until you are in Hand-Lead Side Balance (Sweet Spot) on the other side at the end of the drill cycle.
- Take a few moments to catch your breath, then start the same drill cycle back towards the other side and so on.
- If you have trouble assessing how high your recovering hand hovers above water, you can try to brush the water surface with the tip of your index and ring fingers. This will give you a cue about your hand position and allow you to adjust the height of your hand above the water.
Once you are proficient with the drill, practice double and triple Over Switches like you did in the Under Switch and Zipper Switch drills. This means you only return to Hand-Lead Side balance with your head rolled up after several switches.
Swimming Front Crawl At Last
To transition into swimming the full stroke, do multiple Over Switches with 4, 5, 6 or more switches to get used to the rhythm of the arm stroke and body roll. Leave out the thumb swipe, and once in a while fit in a quick breath.
To inhale, don’t roll back as far as in the Hand-Lead Side Balance position, but roll only as far as needed for your mouth to clear the water. Then start to exhale as soon as your head rolls downward and exhale continuously until your head rolls upward to catch the next breath.
Progressively reduce the number of switches between each pause until you inhale once for every 3rd arm stroke. At that moment, you are in fact swimming front crawl and using bilateral breathing.
Front Crawl Video
Here’s how swimming a relaxed front crawl looks like:
Congratulations! You are now able to swim front crawl in a relaxed manner. This is a great achievement!
Don’t stop to practice these swimming drills however as they are still useful. For example, doing a few drills at the start of each swim session awakes your senses and will make your session more enjoyable. And rehearsing the drills regularly will imprint correct swimming habits more deeply.
Learning Path for the Front Crawl
Below you will find an overview of our series of articles to learn the front crawl.
Each article includes one or several drills/exercises to be mastered.
The current article, which is part of this series, is highlighted:
By completing the different steps of this learning path, you should soon be able to swim front crawl.