The breast stroke is the best known and most popular of the competitive swimming strokes. If a person can only swim one stroke, it will most likely be the breast stroke. That's why we can consider it one of the basic swimming strokes.
Breaststroke is the most popular stroke.
The breast stroke is swum in a prone position. Both arms move synchronously and execute short, half-circular movements underwater. The legs also move synchronously and execute a whip kick.
The breast stroke is often the first swim stroke taught to beginners because at a basic level you can keep your head out of the water and thus avoid breathing issues.
Later on you can graduate to a more effective style where you submerge your head once per stroke cycle. This allows you to maintain a streamlined position for a longer time and thus minimize drag. You just lift your head above water once per stroke cycle for a quick inhale.
Here's a nice video of a breaststroke swimmer:
One small thing this swimmer could do to improve his stroke would be to keep his head more in line with his trunk (he should look more downwards rather than towards the end of the pool).
Let's now have a brief overview of the different phases that occur over a stroke cycle:
The following articles describe the breaststroke technique in more detail:
Head and Body Positions: This article describes how you should position your head and body while swimming breaststroke. This is important if you want to develop an efficient swim stroke but also if you want to avoid neck injuries.
Breaststroke Arm Stroke: This article describes the arm movements in more detail. A slow-motion video of correct arm movements is shown and various arm speeds are discussed.
The Breaststroke Kick: This article covers breaststroke's whip kick. The different phases of the kick are explained and illustrated with a slow-motion video. Additional tips to learn the breaststroke kick are given.
Breaststroke Swimming and Breathing: This article explains how and when to breathe while swimming breaststroke. It covers both the head above water and the head under water styles. Additional breathing tips are given.
Learn Swimming Breaststroke: This article gives an overview of our sequence of progressive swimming drills to learn the breast stroke. The following topics are covered:
Do you have some great tips or tricks about breaststroke to contribute? Click here to share them and let other swimmers benefit from your experience! Please note that to we may delete or edit submissions that are too short (less than 300 words) or of low quality.
Do you like this article or do you have something to add? Just leave a comment in the box below!
By Christophe Keller, © 2010-2014 Enjoy-Swimming.Com. All rights reserved.